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Scientia Potentia Est
وبلاگی علمی در باب موضوعات زبانشناختی
A scientific blog concerning linguistic subjects
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Zazaki etymologies, Zazaki language, Dimili, Kirmancki, Kirmanjki, Kirdki, Gini, Arabic loanwords in Zazaki, Iranian linguistics, Ludwig Paul
By "Phosphorus, the Silent"
Zazaki (Dimili/Kirmanjki) word for "weather" is "ayam". Professor Ludwig Paul, in his outstanding article on Zazaki language-titled "The Position of Zazaki Among West Iranian Languages", suggests a common root with Parthian "āghām", Sogdian "nighām", Khwarazmian "*āghāmak", all in sense of "time" as well as with Avestan "gāman-" (step).
Paul proposes a "-g-" > "-y-" shift, similar to Per. "āgāh" > Zazaki "aya", in order to explain "-y-" in Zazaki "ayam", compared to its proposed original form of "*āgām".
But there is another semantic change, similar to Zazaki, in Kurdish language (specifically in Central Kurdish, to author's knowledge) that suggests a different etymology for Zazaki "ayam". In Central Kurdish (Sorani) we encounter "rojhgar" (pronounced "rožgār") in sense of "weather" which originally means "times" (a plural form of "rojh" ~ "day" hence "rojhgar" literally "days"). So the semantic development here is from "times" (literally "days") to "weather", and not from "time" to "weather" (as Paul refers to Latin "tempo" ~ "time; weather" for similar semantic development).
On the other hand we see North Kurdish "eyam, heyam, hayam" words in sense of "times", which are ultimately borrowed from Arabic "ایّام" (pronounced "ayyām"). This Arabic word has literally the same significance as Kurdish "rojhgar": "days".
Then bearing in mind Central Kurdish "rojhgar" ~ "times" (days) developing into "weather", it is safer to consider Zazaki "ayam" ~ "weather" as a semantically developed form of Arabic "ayyām" ~ "times" (days). Zazaki "ayam" is most likely an Arabic borrowing and is not akin to Parthian "āghām".
This article is released for first time through the following blog: http://linguist2b.mihanblog.com/
نوع مطلب : Etymology، Iranian Linguistics،
برچسب ها : zazaki، zazaki etymologies، Ludwig Paul، Kirmanjki، Dimili، Kirdki، Arabic Loanwords in Zazaki،
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چهارشنبه 22 خرداد 1398 07:42 ب.ظ
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پنجشنبه 15 فروردین 1398 01:44 ب.ظ
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